A New Model
Results and Perspectives
In Senegal, despite a harsh international situation, the year 2015 ended with great results in terms of growth and control over inflation and public deficit. The positive performance of the Senegalese economy is strengthening, and its economic growth rate in late 2015 is forecasted at 6.4%.Said positive dynamic is also the result of efforts made to implement the Plan for an Emerging Senegal (PES) flagship projects and reforms.
Senegal is on the right track towards achieving the medium-term goal of an annual growth rate of 7% set in the PES.
For the first time, the national budget exceeded the threshold of 3,000 billion, and will mainly be financed out of its own resources.
PES and Agriculture
Efforts to modernize agriculture were largely successful in comparison to past years, and the agricultural season recorded very good results in 2015:
• Cereal harvest estimated at 2,271,000 tons, i.e. a 82% increase compared to 2014;
• Groundnut production reached 1,121,474 tons, a 68% increase;
• Paddy rice production increased by 64%, rising from 559,000 to 917,371 tons;
• Horticultural production had a 14% increase, reaching 1,133,430 tons.
Measures taken by the Government, in conjunction with all stakeholders, are now facilitating agricultural marketing to reach food self-sufficiency. Implementation of the Community Agricultural Fields Program (CAFPRO) is still in progress. The Community Agricultural Fields of Sefa, Itato, Keur Samba Kane, and Keur Momar Sar, are already mobilizing 177 producer groups. 2,555 hectares are taken into account and 7,000 jobs have been created.
For 2016, an additional investment of 20 billion will be injected into the CAFPRO to secure its activities throughout the year.
The Pastoralism Support Regional Project for livestock, with 15 billions in funding, will support animal health, access to markets, and natural resource management. It will benefit 100,000 households in the Kaffrine, Louga, Matam, Tambacounda, and Saint-Louis regions.
In the meantime, efforts to modernize artisanal fishing will continue. The fishing wharves of Yoff, Soumbédioune, FassBoye, and GokhouMbath are under construction.
PES and Fishing Sector
For 2016, efforts will be focused on:
• The completion of the Ngaparou, Pointe Sarène, Potou and Bargny docks;
• The development of processing areas in Saint-Louis, Potou, Kafountine, Mbao, and Pencum; Senegal in Thiaroye-sur-Mer;
• And the extension of the commercial port of Ziguinchor, and construction of a fishing port in Boudody.
Regarding crafts, three exhibition and marketing sites will be delivered in July 2016 in Diamniadio, Mékhé, and Thionk Essyl.
The emergence of Senegal must include infrastructural development. There can be no growth if Senegalese people remain isolated from each others in the absence of suitable infrastructure.
PES and Infrastructures
Thirty-three projects were carried out during 2015; 599 miles of roads and 1,417 miles of bridges for a total cost of 238 billion. Among those achievements, we find the following routes:
• Tambacounda-Dialacoto ;
• Mako-Kédougou ;
• Kafountine-Diouloulou ;
Twenty-five other projects launched, for a total of 503 miles of roads, 425 miles of rural tracks and bridges to open up the country in Baïla, Diouloulou, Foundiougne, Ganguel Soulé, Marsassoum, and WendouBosséabé.
Other Works in Progress:
The axes Touba-Dahra-Linguère, Joal-Keur Samba Dia-Djiffere, Kédougou-Salémata, Bambey-Baba Garage, the Niayes, between Rufisque, Lompoul, Bayakh, Mboroandt Diogo, as well as the loops of Boudier, Fouladou, and Kalounayes, among others.
PES and Urbanization Programs:
• The Religious Cities Modernization Program and the Cities Modernization Program, PROMO-VILLES, cover sanitation, roadway and public lighting aspects. The initial phase should cover 13 cities.
• The Regional Express Train (TER) Dakar-Diamniadio-AIBD, Senegal's first high-speed rail service, is expected in 2016. The TER will serve 14 train stations and will be able to carry up to 115,000 passengers a day between Dakar and the International Airport Blaise Diagne in less than 45 minutes.
• The rehabilitation of the Dakar-Kidira railway line over 400 miles long is a major worksite that will generate thousands of jobs and promote transportation at the right price.
• The Diamniadio industrial park: large international companies will relocate labor-intensive activities there and generate a minimum of 50,000 jobs within the first five years.
PES and Energy Sector
Entry into service of the new plants of Taïba Ndiaye and Cap des Biches in the first half of 2016. The PES also includes electrification of all rural areas by 2023.
PES and Rural World
The Community Development Emergency Program (CDEP):
• Designed for special disadvantaged rural areas – the initial phase received 113 billion in funding.
• More than 37 wells approved in 2015 under the National Program for 300 Wells – the CDEP first results in only four months are very satisfying.
• 63 wells drilled, 69 water towers, and 526 miles of rural tracks are under construction in 462 villages in the Fatick, Kaffrine, Kaolack, Kolda, Louga, Matam, Saint-Louis, Sédhiou, and Thiès regions. Thanks to the contribution of military engineers, 18 wells were drilled in the Kédougou and Tambacounda regions.
PES and Access to Water
Urban hydraulics: Building of a third plant with a capacity of 200,000 m3/day in Keur Momar Sarr at a cost of 255 billion, and another sea-water desalination plant on the Mamelles site with 135 billion in funding.
Those two facilities will contribute to secure Dakar and its surroundings’ supply for 20 years at least.
PES and Social Policy
Grants for Family Security: As a sign of national solidarity and reduction of social inequalities, a total of 300,000 families will receive Grants for Family Security during 2016.
Universal Health Coverage: Universal Health Coverage ensured free care for two million children from 0 to 5 years old. To date, 600 mutual health insurances have been created.
The Community Agricultural Fields Program (CAFPRO) is a response to the employment issue, especially noticeable for the youth. This concept adopted a dual approach: creating economic competitiveness centers and undertaking structural improvements allowing to enhance large areas from 1,000 to 5,000 hectares. Those are real agricultural centers, fostering integration of young rural people, training school graduates (in agricultural activities and related disciplines), but also integrating private developers wishing to invest in the sector, both in production as well as processing activities and agricultural services. The Community Agricultural Fields Program will create more than 300,000 jobs within 5 years. Aquaculture, poultry farming, and agricultural activities, as well as processing and marketing value chains that will develop in the ten domains will contribute to creating real economic centers.