President Macky SALL, President of the Republic of Senegal

Chairperson of the NEPAD Heads of State and Government Orientation Committee (New Partnership for Africa’s Development).



President Macky Sall was born on December 11, 1961 in Fatick, the town where he served as mayor from 2009 to 2012. President Sall was Prime Minister for three years from 2004 to 2007, and also acted as President of the Senegalese National Assembly from 2007 to 2008. Elected fourth President of the Republic of Senegal in March of 2012, he took office on April 2, 2012. Married to Marième Faye, President Macky Sall has two sons and one daughter.

Youth and Education

Born into a family of four siblings, President Macky Sall was raised in Fatick (central west region of the country) and in the Fouta region (in the north of Senegal). During his studies at the faculty of Dakar, he joined the Marxist-Leninist Movement and the Jëf. Soon after, he left the movement as he did not share their political views nor their boycott strategy of the 1983 presidential election against the Left wing. At that time, Mr. Sall supported the Liberal Party as well as during the 1988 presidential elections. He continued his studies and became a geological engineer and geophysicist, graduated from the Institute of Earth Sciences of Dakar (IST) and from the National School for Petroleum and Engines (ENSPM) of the French Petroleum Institute of Paris (IFP). He is a member of several national and international geologist and geophysicist associations.

Early Political Life

Once graduated, President Sall joined the Senegalese Democratic Party (PDS) in the late 1980s.

From December 2000 to July 2001, he worked as the Chief Executive Officer of the Senegalese National Oil Company (PETROSEN) – where he was appointed Head of the Database division for multiple years – as well as Special Advisor of the President in the Office for Energy and Mines.
From May 2001 to November 2002, he held the position of Minister of Mines, Energy and Hydraulics.
From November 2002 to August 2003, he served as Minister of State and Minister of Mines, Energy and Hydraulics in the government led by Mame Madior Boye.
From August 2003 to April 2004, he was appointed Minister of State, Minister of Home Affairs and Local Collectivities, and spokesperson of Idrissa Seck’s government. Simultaneously, he was appointed Vice President of the Senegalese Democratic Party (PDS) Steering Committee in April 2004.

Head of Government

Macky Sall was appointed Prime Minister on April 21, 2004. He held that position until June 19, 2007, being the longest tenure Prime Minister in office under the acting President at that time. He gained notoriety during his first keynote speech addressing the leaders of the opposition while introducing his general policy. Mr. Sall then proceeded to work on the implementation of state projects that had been shelved: highways, Dakar’s “Corniche” (coastal line of the Capital), the new airport, etc. Additionally, as Chief of Cabinet he conducted the presidential campaign for the President’s reelection in 2007.

President of the National Assembly

On June 20, 2007, President Macky Sall was elected President of the National Assembly with 143 votes cast out of the 146 voting members. The Vice President position of the PDS was abolished and the term of office of the National Assembly President was reduced from five years to one year. He left that office in 2008.

President of the “Alliance for the Republic” Party (APR-Yaakaar)

On November 9, 2008, at the occasion of an official statement delivered in Wolof and French, Mr. Sall announced his departure from the Senegalese Democratic Party (PDS) as well as his removal from all offices of the presidential party.
On December 1, 2008, he founded, with about thirty ex-officials of the PDS, the political party “Alliance for the Republic” (APR-Yaakaar), which won the local election race of March 22, 2009 in every commune of the Fatick region, his stronghold. Through the coalition formed with other party members of the “Bennoo Siggil Sénégal,” the victory extended to the town of Gossas, twelve local communities in the North of the country, and three in the South, as well as all major cities of Senegal.
Focused on the Senegalese presidential election of 2012, Mr. Sall went on a tour in the countryside of Senegal as well as various major cities of the world to meet members of the Senegalese diaspora.
In 2010, according to an opinion poll, he was leading the presidential race in Dakar and in his own region. Being multilingual – he has knowledge of Wolof, Serer, Pulaar, French and English – Mr. Sall is the symbol of a new generation in Senegal’s political history.

President of the Republic

As a candidate of the “Macky 2012” coalition, he campaigned all over the country under the slogan “the path toward real development,” while maintaining an open discourse with the Opposition Movement of June 23 (M23). Mr. Sall took second place in the first round, with 26.58% of the votes against 34.81% for the outgoing President. Before the second round, he rallied all defeated candidates within the Benno Bokk Yakkar coalition (meaning “united for the same hope” in local language Wolof) and won the election on March 25 against the outgoing President - with 65.80% of the votes against 34.20% for the incumbent. The outgoing President called Mr. Sall on the same evening to congratulate him before results were officially announced by the Constitutional Council.
Elected fourth President of the Republic of Senegal, Macky Sall was sworn on April 2, 2012 at King Fahd Palace-Soleil.
Faithful to his promise to reduce government expenses, he removed certain ministerial privileges and abolished 59 commissions and directorates deemed unnecessary including: The National Agency of Senegal's New Harbors; The Directorate of Small Aircraft Construction; The National Agency of the Desert High Authority;
The Senegalese Office for Industrial Property and Technology Innovation, which was a duplication of the Senegalese Agency for Industrial Property and Technology Innovation. Mr. Sall also announced a program of several audits on his predecessor’s management.
Furthermore, Mr. Sall revived the Court of Illicit Enrichment Repression and announced the creation of a National Anti-Corruption Office and of a National Commission for Property Restitution and Recovery of Ill-Acquired Gains.
To help reduce living costs, the government announced a price reduction for oil, rice, and sugar. Retirement pensions were raised and peasants received emergency subsidies. To protect the school year, several national conferences on education were planned. His foreign policy focused on renewing traditional alliances and allowing Senegal to regain an important diplomatic role in Africa.
Having an outward vision looking to the world, concerned with his country's development, and devoted to ensuring a transparent management of the country and public policies, Macky Sall is the symbol of a new generation in Senegal’s politics as well as in the whole continent.

2016 Constitutional Reform for Institutions Building

The year 2016 is marked by the realization of President Macky Sall's comprehensive approach to strengthen good governance and rule of law in Senegal - two goals that were already at the center of the reforms enacted in 2012.
Indeed, the year began with popular approval of the President's constitutional reform project during the referendum of March 20, 2016. Almost 63% of votes cast were in his favor, the result of national conferences and consultations carried out by the National Commission for Institutional Reform (CNRI) since 2012.
President Sall’s reforms were validated in a referendum - the privilege of democratic societies and the highest expression of the free choice of citizens. The thirteen reform measures were aimed at anchoring constitutional stability; modernizing, stabilizing and strengthening democracy; as well as reinforcing the rule of law; and improving good governance in public affairs. Those measures include: modernizing the role of political parties; allowing independent candidates to participate in all types of elections; recognizing new rights for citizens with the consecration of the right to a clean environment, as well as rights related to natural resources and land assets; strengthening citizenship through the consecration of citizen duties; reestablishing the five-year mandate and the limitation to two terms for presidential office mandate; enlarging the National Assembly’s powers regarding control of government actions; and extending the competences of the Constitutional Council.
Implementing this reform in line with the third pillar of the Plan for an Emerging Senegal, President Macky Sall has supported state institutions’ effectiveness and efficiency, democratic consolidation, transparency in public affairs management, and calls for the reinforcement of the rule of law and representativeness of citizens.

Furthermore, the consultation of March 20 has proven the political maturity of Senegalese people. The Macky Sall administration is now working in conjunction with all stakeholders to take necessary measures for the effective implementation of these reforms adopted by the people.


Macky Sall has received the following decorations:
• Grand Cross of the National Order of Lion
• Grand Officer of the French Legion of Honor
• Grand Officer of the French-Speaking Pleiade Order
• Grand Cross of the Order of the State of Palestine
• Doctor Honoris Causa, University of Abomey Calvy, Benin
• Doctor Honoris Causa, Swiss UMEF University, Switzerland
• Doctor Honoris Causa, Pukyong National University, South Korea
• Doctor Honoris Causa, Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM), France
• Honorary member of the French Overseas Scientific Academy

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